Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla) as a medicinal plant

Chamomile (camomile brit. englisch) is one of the most popular medicinal plants in Europe. Many grandmothers rightly use camomile for all kinds of complaints, because it can be used as a real jack of all trades.

Unfortunately, it is hardly to be found in the wild any more, because it loves the proximity of grain, but is fought there.

In return, however, they can be bought in any supermarket at least as tea bags.

The camomile is so well-known that probably everyone knows its typical scent.

Plant Description Chamomile

Originally camomile comes from Southern and Eastern Europe, but it has long been native to Central Europe. In many countries it is cultivated because its flowers are in great demand as herbal tea. France is a particularly important country for cultivation.
Chamomile is undemanding in terms of soil and nutrients. It likes to grow on fallow fields and along the roadside. In the garden they can be cultivated in a sunny place.

The annual plant grows to 10-50 years old and has a round, smooth, upright stem that branches out strongly.

The pinnate leaves are green-yellow.

The flowers are golden yellow tubular flowers with light white ray florets. They appear in warm areas already from the end of May, otherwise rather from June.

The receptacle arches strongly upwards, giving the camomile blossom its concise shape.

The camomile has a distinct fragrance.

Organic chamomile flowers opening in the morning sunlight

Chamomile fact sheet

The main applications of chamomile are:

Healing effects of chamomile:

  • antibacterial
  • drying out
  • soothing
  • blood-purifying
  • anti-inflammatory
  • diuretic
  • antispasmodic
  • analgesic
  • sudorific
  • toning

Chamomile areas of application

  • Digestive weakness
  • Itching
  • Allergies
  • Asthma
  • Puffing
  • flatulence
  • Cystitis
  • Bladder weakness
  • Intestinal colic
  • Inflammation of the intestinal mucosa
  • Diarrhea
  • Eczema
  • Inflamed wounds
  • A cold
  • Erysipelas
  • Fever
  • Boils
  • Facial erysipelas
  • Gout
  • Flu
  • Ulcers
  • Shingles
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Sore throat
  • Lumbago
  • Skin impurities
  • Cough
  • Infected wounds
  • Sciatica
  • Itching
  • Headache
  • Lymph node swelling
  • Stomach ulcer
  • Stomach cramps
  • Stomach mucosal inflammation
  • Tonsilitis
  • Menstrual problems
  • Bad breath
  • Oral mucosa
  • Sinusitis
  • Nerve pain
  • Nervousness
  • Neuralgia
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Rheumatism
  • Sniffles
  • Insomnia
  • Heartburn
  • Stress
  • Abdominal diseases
  • Constipation
  • White River
  • Wounds
  • Gum disease
  • Duodenal ulcer

Collection time for Chamomile

The best time to collect Chamomile in our are is from May to July. Chamomile has to be collected in sunshine.

Application Chamomile

The effects of chamomile are manifold. It has an antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, soothing, drying out, distensive and wound-healing effect.
It can be used as tea or tincture.

Internally

Internally, the main field of application of camomile is usually the gastrointestinal tract. However, camomile can also be helpful for most other complaints.

Digestive problems

A chamomile tea relieves stomach pains of small children and adults. With a spoiled stomach, a small sip of chamomile tea can work wonders.
Camomile not only relieves cramps, but also has an antibacterial effect, which makes life difficult for any pathogens taken in with food.

Camomile tea also helps against diarrhoea, but also against constipation. Camomile tea can also be drunk in small sips against stomach ulcers.

Blow-out tea blend

This tea mixture helps against flatulence (meteorism).
This tea is also suitable for children because the herbs contained taste friendly. You can try it with all the typical mild stomach aches of children.

Aniseed and fennel have a strongly anti-expanding effect due to their essential oils. Camomile has an anticonvulsant, analgesic and antibacterial effect if bacteria are involved.

Ingredients:

20 gr camomile blossoms
40 gr anise fruits (= seeds)
40 gr fennel fruits (=seeds)

Instructions:
Brew a tea with a tablespoon of tea mixture per cup.
Let the tea steep for 10-15 minutes.
Filter the tea afterwards.
Drink the tea in small sips.

Urinary apparatus

Slight kidney weakness and bladder problems can be relieved by camomile.
Camomile relaxes the urinary organs, has an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect and promotes urine production.

You should drink a cup of chamomile tea three times a day as long as the symptoms persist.

Metabolism

Due to its diuretic properties, camomile cleanses the blood and helps the body to excrete harmful substances (e.g. uric acid).
Camomile tea can thus alleviate the symptoms of rheumatic diseases and gout.

You should drink a cup of chamomile tea three times a day.

Nervous system

The camomile has a calming and relaxing effect.
This effect therefore helps with nervous complaints and insomnia.

Neuralgic pain such as sciatica or lumbago can also be relieved by camomile.

If necessary, brew a cup of chamomile tea and drink slowly in the quietest possible environment.

Respiratory disorders

Chamomile can help with almost all types of respiratory diseases.
This starts with a normal cold with a cold and sore throat and does not end with sinusitis or angina.

You should drink a cup of chamomile tea three times a day as long as the symptoms persist. You can also sweeten the tea with honey, especially if you have a cough.

Steam bath against sinusitis and impure skin

A camomile steam bath helps with sinusitis, congested nose, but also with impure skin and acne.

You brew a strong chamomile tea in a bowl.
Place the bowl on a table (do not forget the heat-resistant surface).
Then you sit in front of it and bend over it.
A large towel is spread over the head and bowl so that the steam can collect.
Breathe in the steam for 10-15 minutes and walk as close to the hot water as you can stand (don’t touch, of course).
Then you dry yourself thoroughly.

Women’s complaints

Drunk internally as tea, camomile helps against menstrual cramps, menstruation that starts too late and too little milk production during breastfeeding (together with anise).

Camomile can be used as a sitting bath for vaginal inflammations, such as white blood flow. Sitting baths also help to relieve menstrual cramps and various types of abdominal inflammation.

Gurging and rinsing for mouth infections

In case of inflammation in the oral cavity or sore throat, you can gargle or rinse with camomile tea or diluted camomile tincture.
Even toothache can be temporarily relieved with camomile rinses. However, the dentist should be consulted for caries treatment.

External

Externally, this can contribute to wound healing in many ways.
When healing wounds with camomile, it must be noted that it has a highly drying effect which is not desired in all cases (e.g. with particularly dry skin).

Some allergy sufferers also have problems with camomile because it irritates the skin a little.

Otherwise it can be applied as tincture or ointment or as bath (e.g. sitz bath) or compress in tea form.

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